How to become a full stack developer? - upGrad Campus

How to become a full stack developer?

October 8th, 2021

How to become a full stack developer?

Full Stack Development - This might sound a bit overwhelming but it’s not. If you would have searched for this term recently - you must have read the terms like HTML, CSS, PHP and MySQL. Full Stack Developers are jack of all trades of the industry where comprehensive programming knowledge is demanded. 

A full-stack developer is a software expert who is qualified and skilled to work on both the front end (which users see) and back end (behind the applications) of websites and mobile applications. The front-end refers to the visible part of the application with which users interact (user interface) and the back-end is where all the actual functioning of the system happens. The combination of front-end and back-end is called the Full Stack. This means full stack developers can be considered as software experts who are equally proficient in front-end (client-side) as well as back-end (server-side) development for online applications. Full Stack Developers have strong skill sets and knowledge bases in the IT domain. They are highly valued by both large companies and small startups.

 Let’s explore more about how to become a full stack developer?

To become a full-stack developer, one has to be familiar with two basic web development concepts. The front-end, also known as the client-side, refers to all the elements of an online application that users directly interact with. Whereas the back-end comprises the entire programming and structure that can compute and analyze data, fulfill user response, and handle real-time information. 

Full-stack developers are expected to be multi-taskers in the sense that they are professionals capable of addressing both the front-end and back-end of web applications. As a part of front-end development, they optimize the visible parts to design a user-friendly and engaging site. On the other hand, in the back-end, they build the structure of internal software that handles databases, servers, and specific software. Full-stack developers make the front-end of applications visually appealing and easily accessible by users, while continuously working on the server-side of the application and exchanging information between the browser and back-end databases to refine and update for better performance. A person who is a full-stack developer is responsible for the development and functioning of a site or application’s front-end and back-end architecture.

Full-stack developers need to have special technical knowledge for combining various components into a packaged application that goes into the making of a software product. They know the functionality of each tool and can manipulate the back-end components accordingly to produce desired results at the front-end. Full-stack developers contribute to the overall quality of the software application and are therefore considered as unparalleled assets in a technical team. The full stack developer job description in an organization generally includes:

  • Working with a website design from start to completion
  • Developing and updating features of websites along with user interface teams
  • Designing better user interactions through robust front-end architecture
  • Managing database, server administration, and Application Programming Interface
  • Communicating with end-users to evaluate product responsiveness

Some key technical responsibilities for an entry-level to experienced full stack developer include studying project requirements and creating solutions by working on databases and servers and using the methodical testing process to debug and modify codes for problem-solving.

Full Stack Development Courses

Full-stack developers need to learn basic design and database management skills and must have knowledge of programming languages. Many full-stack web development courses help aspiring candidates to learn necessary skills and significantly increase their chances of getting hired by a reputed company. Four-year degree programs have proved to be one of the most beneficial paths for aspiring developers. These courses provide comprehensive knowledge and a broad view that enhances the competency of professionals. Additionally, it allows building an impressive portfolio, receiving internships, and improving valuable connections. There are a lot of online courses to provide knowledge about the latest in web application development and keep them updated. These online courses offer classes, tutorials and certifications as per the requirement of working professionals. The courses focus on teaching the most updated technologies through project-based learning.

Knowledge of Web Architecture

Full Stack Developers must have a thorough knowledge of web architecture. Their primary responsibility is to work with software applications from scratch and develop them into a structured form. For this, they need to know how to structure the code, categorize the data in databases, and perform the necessary computational tasks. The web application architecture is a highly responsive medium that facilitates communication between different users and technical interaction between different systems. The full-stack developers apply knowledge of web architecture to design software modules as well as promotion and commercialization of the web application. 

Salary of a Full Stack Developer 

In recent years, the role of the full-stack developer has become significantly important. Employers understand the benefits of having a full stack developer in their team who has an effective contribution to a project for successful implementation. Because of the demand, the full stack developer salary in India is quite high. Full-stack developers in India earn an average salary of around INR 6 lakhs per annum. At the entry-level, the salary starts with around INR 3.75 lakhs per annum. An employee with mid-level experience can secure a yearly package of about INR 5-8 lakhs. Some of the renowned IT firms and MNCs in India offer a yearly package to deserving candidates which are as follows: 

  • Tata Consultancy Services: INR 4.50 lakhs
  • IBM: INR 6.50 lakhs
  • Accenture: INR 5.30 Lakhs
  • Wipro: INR 4.20 Lakhs
  • Infosys: INR 3.35 Lakhs
  • Cognizant Technology Solutions: INR 6.25 Lakhs 
  • GALE partners: INR 8.25 Lakhs 

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