Artificial intelligence - A Beginner's Guide

What is Artificial Intelligence?

January 27th, 2023

What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial intelligence is the recreation of human intelligence in machines. AI systems are used to perform tasks such as recognizing speech, making decisions, and translating languages. There are different types of AI, including rule-based systems, machine learning, and natural language processing (NLP). AI has the potential to automate many tasks and improve efficiency in a wide range of industries. Moving on from the introduction of Artificial Intelligence, let's take a look at what are the different types of Artificial Intelligence.

Different Types of Artificial Intelligence

There are several types of Artificial Intelligence. Some are already in use and run the world so to speak, and the others are still getting developed.

First, there's Reactive Machines. These AI systems have no memory and cannot use past experiences to inform current decisions. An example of this AI is Deep Blue, the chess-playing computer developed by IBM. It simply analyses the current state of the game and makes a move based on that, without taking into account any previous moves made by the opponent.

Next, we have Limited Memory AI. These AI systems can remember past events, but they can't use them to inform current decisions. Self-driving cars that use cameras to recognize and respond to traffic lights, make use of Limited Memory AI. The car remembers the traffic light's previous state, but it can't use that information to predict when the light will change.

Theory of Mind AI is a type of AI that is designed to understand mental states such as beliefs, intentions, and emotions. However, it is not yet developed and still a topic of research in the AI community.

Self-Aware AI is another type of AI that has a sense of its own consciousness and is able to reflect on its own mental states. It is also not yet developed, and it is considered as one of the challenging research areas in AI.

Strong AI, also known as Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), is the type of AI that is capable of performing any intellectual task that a human can. This is considered as the ultimate goal of AI research, but it's still a topic of research and not yet developed.

On the other hand, Narrow or weak AI is the type of AI that is designed to perform specific tasks, such as speech recognition, image recognition, and language translation. These AI systems are currently in use in various applications such as virtual assistants, self-driving cars, and image recognition systems.

Lastly, there's Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI), this type of AI is capable of surpassing human intelligence in every domain. It is considered as the most advanced form of AI and still a topic of research.

Applications of Artificial Intelligence

Applications of Artificial Intelligence

Although a lot of the AI systems we discussed in the previous section are under development, the few systems that are used dominate our daily lives. Here are a few uses of Artificial Intelligence:

Personalized Shopping

Personalised shopping makes use of artificial intelligence to provide customers with a more tailored shopping experience. AI-powered recommendation systems, predictive analytics and image recognition are few of the technologies used to analyse customer browsing and purchasing history, demographic information, and interactions with the company's website, social media, and other platforms. This helps companies recommend products that are likely to be of interest to them, thereby improving the customer's shopping experience.

AI-Powered Assistants

AI assistants make use of NLP and text recognition, to help users complete tasks. Famous AI assistants include Siri, Alexa, Cortana and Google Assistant. These bots are commonly used to make phone calls, answer queries, take notes, make recommendations and much more.

Fraud Prevention

In order to detect fraudulent activity, AI is used to analyse transaction data and identify patterns or abnormalities using Machine Learning, Natural Language Processing, and monitoring social media or other online platforms.

Facial Recognition

AI is used to match and study the photos of humans. Deep learning algorithms are used to learn and identify patterns in images based on large amounts of training data, the aim is to be able to recognize a particular person. This technology is mostly helpful for security, identification or access control systems.

AI in Healthcare

Healthcare utilises AI to better patient outcomes, make smarter decisions and increase efficiency. AI is used to analyse medical scans, to predict whether or not there could be any potential health risks. AI is also used to automate daily routine tasks like data entry or data analysis.

AI in Robotics

AI is used in robotics to enable machines to perform tasks that would typically require human intelligence, such as interpreting and responding to sensory data, recognising patterns, and making decisions. Robotics combined with AI allows robots to learn from their environment and adapt to new situations. This means that robots with AI can be trained to do things like navigate through an unknown environment, interact with humans, and perform tasks that would otherwise be too difficult or dangerous for humans to do. This technology is applied in various fields such as manufacturing, healthcare, logistics, and the service industry.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence

AI is quite a revolutionary technology that is shaping the future as we speak. Nobody can deny that AI has helped humans in more ways than one, however, like everything else that is good, AI too has its potential advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages of AI 
  • Improved efficiency and productivity
  • Better decision-making and problem-solving skills
  • Automation of routine and risky tasks
  • Understand and analyse large amounts of data fast
  • Increased accuracy and no chance of human error
  • Personalisation and customisation of products and services
  • Cost-effective in the long run for many businesses
Disadvantages of AI
  • Loss of jobs for humans
  • No transparency or explainability
  • May make biassed decisions
  • Increased dependency on technology
  • Security and privacy may get compromised
  • No understanding of human empathy
  • Initial capital needed is very high

Why is Artificial Intelligence important?

Since it’s advent AI has slowly and steadily gained importance, let’s find out why:
  1. Efficiency and Productivity: AI can automate repetitive tasks and streamline workflows, which can boost output and reduce costs.
  2. Better Decision-Making: AI can quickly and accurately analyse large amounts of data, revealing insightful information and assisting in better decision-making.
  3. Personalization: AI can be used to develop individualised goods and services, such as individualised medical care or individualised shopping advice.
  4. Problem Solving: AI can be used to tackle complicated issues that humans are unable to, like forecasting natural disasters or finding patterns in vast amounts of data.
  5. Technology advancement: One of the primary technologies that propels innovation and development across a range of sectors, like healthcare, finance, manufacturing, and transportation, is AI.
  6. Human Enhancement: AI can enhance human talents, enabling us to achieve activities that would otherwise be too challenging or impossible for us to complete on our own.
This is just the tip of the iceberg, compared to what AI can accomplish for humans. But where did this arise from?

History of AI

The Dartmouth Conference's founding in the 1950s marked the beginning of AI history. Early AI programme development was the emphasis of 1950s and 1960s AI research. Due to a lack of money and advancement, AI research experienced a standstill in the 1970s this period was known as AI winter. This lasted until the 1980’s, where new technologies called for AI to be researched again. The 21st century has seen major changes in many fields thanks to advances in AI, especially deep learning and neural networks, which are employed in a wide variety of applications. The subject of Artificial Intelligence is constantly growing and evolving, and further improvements are anticipated.

The future of Artificial Intelligence

The future of Artificial Intelligence

Whether we are aware of it or not, artificial intelligence technology is being used in our daily lives and has already ingrained itself into our culture. Everyone now uses AI in their daily lives, from chatbots to Alexa and Siri. Rapid advancement is taking place in this field of technology. A few of the main sectors AI will affect are:
  • Science - As AI technology starts to improve, it will cause rapid advancements in other technologies as well. AI will be used in large-scale projects like clinical trials or particle physics, how exciting is that?
  • Consumer experiences - From Metaverse to Crypto, AI will enable us to make virtual consumer experiences a reality. These virtual experiences will be largely enabled by AI. And AI algorithms too will learn in a digital environment much faster. A win-win for all!
  • Next-Gen Pharma care - AI has the potential to truly customise medicines. The human body is way too complex in it’s physiology for us to comprehend, AI on the hand - has the ability to synthesize personalised treatments for every individual. The best part? There will be no clinical trials required. 
The future AI is definitely something we should look forward to, these kinds of advancements could eliminate a lot of current issues we’re facing as a planet and would improve the overall experience of living. 



Artificial Intelligence is going to transform the social and economic states of our world, we are collectively living in what is known as the most promising era of technology. If you’re interested in being a part of this technological revolution, and are looking for an Artificial Intelligence course online, you should check out our Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning course. Our course teaches you basics to advanced concepts from industry experts and covers 8 hands-on projects.

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